So far in 2017, 42 states and D.C. have reported 1,965 mumps cases; learn more
From January 1 to March 25, 2017, 42 U.S. states and the District of Columbia reported 1,965 mumps cases to CDC. Some information from CDC’s website follows.
Mumps is no longer very common in the United States. From year to year, mumps cases can range from roughly a couple hundred to a couple thousand. For example in 2016, there were approximately 5,748 cases reported to CDC, and in 2012, there were 229. Before the U.S. mumps vaccination program started in 1967, about 186,000 cases were reported each year, but the actual number of cases was likely much higher due to underreporting. Since the pre-vaccine era, there has been a more than 99% decrease in mumps cases in the United States….
In some years, there are more cases of mumps than usual because of outbreaks. Mumps outbreaks can occur any time of year. A major factor contributing to outbreaks is being in a crowded environment, such as attending the same class, playing on the same sports team, or living in a dormitory with a person who has mumps. Also, certain behaviors that result in exchanging saliva, such as kissing or sharing utensils, cups, lipstick or cigarettes, might increase spread of the virus.
MMR vaccine prevents most, but not all, cases of mumps and complications caused by the disease. Two doses of the vaccine are 88% (range: 66 to 95%) effective at protecting against mumps; one dose is 78% (range: 49% to 92%) effective. The MMR vaccine protects against currently circulating mumps strains. Outbreaks can still occur in highly vaccinated U.S. communities, particularly in close-contact settings. In recent years, outbreaks have occurred in schools, colleges, and camps. However, high vaccination coverage helps limit the size, duration, and spread of mumps outbreaks.
- CDC’s Mumps Cases and Outbreaks web section
- CDC’s Mumps for Healthcare Providers web section
- CDC’s Mumps: Multimedia web section
- IAC’s Diseases and Vaccines: Mumps web page
- IAC’s print resources about mumps for healthcare professionals and their patients
This article is reprinted from original material provided by the Immunization Action Coalition. Content may be viewed in its original context by clicking here.